Baseball’s International Division of Labor
Major League Baseball draws players from many nations. This article tests the predictions of neoclassical and product-lifecycle trade theory against the careers of Major League Baseball players from six foreign countries. Sustained specialization, consistent with neoclassical trade theory, is found in pitching versus other positions, as well as within the various fielding positions. Home-run production is found to be a later stage skill in the product-lifecycle sense.
Osborne, E. W.
(2006). Baseball’s International Division of Labor. Journal of Sports Economics, 7 (2), 150-167.