Japan has been undergoing educational reforms as social changes continually spur especially with the advent of globalization. With special needs children in its populace, the country lays down its own educational paradigm. This aims to discuss the two scenarios in the Japanese educational system, the inclusion and the institutionalization, which serve as answers to the schooling dilemma of children with disabilities. Inclusion is a confusing issue since it is not explicitly stated in the nation’s public education rulings but in practice, there is inclusion. On the other hand, institutionalization is aptly considered concrete as it is seen in segregated environment in special schools and in therapeutically – oriented classes. This posits a challenge to the Japanese government in keeping track with the new era. Rich and firm in cultural aspects, Japan has all the reasons to concede onwards for the best interest of the special children’s educational provisions.
Jimenez, L. P.,
& Ochiai, T.
Inclusion versus Institutionalization: Japan’s Educational Challenge,
Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education, 1