Title

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

2016

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the leading cause of infectious disease deaths worldwide. As of 2013, approximately 36 million patients died of HIV-related illnesses, and an estimated 35.3 million people were living with HIV infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Although HIV exists everywhere, the vast majority of new infections (95%) occur in individuals living in low- and middle-income countries. As an example, in sub-Saharan Africa, which is the world's most affected region, nearly 1 in every 20 adults are living with HIV.

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