Intimate Partner Violence and Job Instability
Research has shown that intimate partner violence (IPV) affects the physical and mental health of victims. It can also compromise work performance, leading to job loss. We explored the potential link between job loss and IPV as part of a larger study on IPV and health care.
Thirty-two mothers in Midwestern IPV shelters or support groups were interviewed to gather information about their abuse histories, health care experiences, and demographic characteristics. Interviews were audio taped, transcribed, and reviewed for themes.
Half of participants had lost jobs because of IPV. Reasons included: the abuser told the victim to quit, in order to be safe, excessive absences because of covering up the abuse, and health issues exacerbated by IPV.
Job instability was common among IPV victims in this study. Although this study did not address cause and effect, evidence of job instability may be another "red flag symptom" indicating that providers should screen for IPV.
Zink, T. M.,
& Sill, M.
(2004). Intimate Partner Violence and Job Instability. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association, 59 (1), 32-35.