•  
  •  
 

Abstract

The agriculture sector is important in the overall economy and export earnings of Pakistan. Pollination is an essential ecosystem service that depends on symbiosis between species, the pollinated and the pollinator. Animal mediated pollination contributes to the sexual production of over 90% species of modern angiosperms. Effective pollination results in increased crop production, quality improvement and more seed production. Many fruits, vegetables, edible oil crops, stimulant crops and nuts are highly dependent on bee pollination. Worldwide value of pollinators is €153 billion (217 billion US dollars). The production value of pollinated dependent crop in Pakistan is quantified to be 1.59 billion US$. There is serious deficit of pollinators worldwide and also in Pakistan. Small percentage of Pakistani population understands the process of pollination and its importance. It is essential to up scale the capacity of various stakeholders concerned with crop production in Pakistan.