Study of the Hydrostatic Pressure Dependence of the Raman Spectrum of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Nanospheres

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We have investigated the behavior of single-walled carbon nanotubes and nanospheres(C60) under high hydrostaticpressure using Raman spectroscopy over the pressure range 0.2–10 GPa using a diamond anvil cell. Different liquid mixtures were used as pressure transmission fluids (PTF). Comparing the pressure dependence of the Raman peak positions for the nanotubes and the nanospheres in different PTF leads to the observation of a number of new phenomena. The observed shift in Raman peak position of both radial and tangential modes as a function of applied pressure and their dependence on the PTF chemical composition can be rationalized in terms of adsorption of molecular species from the of PTF on to the surface of the carbon nanotubes and/or nanospheres. The peak shifts are fully reversible and take place at a comparatively modest pressure (2–3 GPa) that is far below pressures that might be required to collapse the nanoparticles.Surfaceadsorption of molecular species on the nanotube or nanospheres provides a far more plausible rational for the observed phenomena than ideas based on the notion of tube collapse that have been put forward in the recent literature.