Ga-doped ZnO was deposited by pulsed laser deposition at 200 °C on SiO2/Si, Al2O3, or quartz in 10 mTorr of pure Ar. The as-grown, bulk resistivity at 300 K is 1.8×10−4 Ω cm, three-times lower than that of films deposited at 200 °C in 10 mTorr of O2 followed by an anneal at 400 °C in forming gas. Furthermore, depth uniformity of the electrical properties is much improved. Mobility analysis shows that this excellent resistivity is mostly due to an increase in donor concentration, rather than a decrease in acceptor concentration. Optical transmittance is approximately 90% in the visible and near-IR spectral regions.
Scott, R. C.,
Leedy, K. D.,
Look, D. C.,
& Zhang, Y.
(2010). Highly Conductive ZnO Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition in Pure Ar. Applied Physics Letters, 97 (7), 72113.