Title

Complications Arising From Splenic Embolization: A Review of an 11 year Experience

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2013

Abstract

Background

Splenic artery embolization (SAE) is a staple adjunct in the management of blunt splenic trauma. We examined complications of SAE over an 11-year period.

Methods

Patients who underwent SAE were identified. Demographic data and the location of the SAE—proximal, distal, or combined—were noted. Major and minor complications were identified.

Results

Of 1,383 patients with blunt splenic trauma, 298 (21.5%) underwent operative management, and 1,085 (78.5%) underwent nonoperative management (NOM). SAE was performed in 8.1% of the NOM group. Major complications which occurred in 14% of patients, included splenic abscesses, infarction, cysts, and contrast-induced renal insufficiency. Three-fourths of patients with major complications underwent distal embolization. There were more complications in patients who underwent distal embolization (24% distal vs 6% proximal alone; P = .02). Minor complications, which occurred in 34% of patients, included left-sided pleural effusions, coil migration, and fever.

Conclusions

SAE is a useful tool for managing splenic injuries. Major and minor complications can occur. Distal embolization is associated with more major complications.

Comments

This paper was presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the Midwest Surgical Association, Mackinac Island, MI, August 5–8, 2012.

DOI

10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.01.003