Acute Ethanol Exposure Stimulates Microvesicle Particle Generation in Keratinocytes

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Ethanol has been demonstrated to exert profound effects upon cells and tissues via multiple mechanisms. One recently appreciated means by which cells can communicate with other cells is via the production and release of extracellular vesicles. Though smaller exosomes have been demonstrated to be released in response to ethanol exposure, the ability of ethanol to modulate the generation and release of larger microvesicle particles (MVP) is lesser studied. The present studies examined the ability of exogenous ethanol to generate MVP with a focus on skin cells. Acute ethanol exposure resulted in augmented MVP release in keratinocytes and in the skin and blood of mice. Unlike other stimuli such as ultraviolet B radiation or thermal burn injury, ethanol-mediated MVP release was independent of the Platelet-activating Factor receptor (PAFR). However, ethanol pretreatment was found to augment thermal burn injury-induced MVP in a PAFR-dependent manner. These studies provide a novel mechanism for ethanol-mediated effects, that could be relevant in the significant toxicity associated with thermal burn injury in the setting of alcohol intoxication.



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