Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education


Before changing the political regime, Hungary was almost exclusively affected by the Soviet and Eastern- European communist countries whose impact was profound on Hungarian education system as well. Hungary had a traditionally separated schooling system for mainstream and disabled children due to the diagnose-based model of special needs pedagogy. Vygotsky was one of the most popular scientists in Moscow who developed ‘an area of scientific scholarship devoted to problems of diagnosing, educating and rehabilitating children with physical and mental handicap (known as ‘defects’)’ (Knox 1989, as cited in Ainscow & Memmenasha 1998:16).