Chris Modica (Committee Chair), Jessica Moss (Committee Member), Robert Rando (Committee Member)
Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)
There have been relatively few studies that have empirically explored the relationship between self-compassion and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Previous studies have found that engagement in self-injurious behaviors is closely related to being self-critical (Glassman, Weierich, Hooley, Deliberto, & Nock, 2007; Hooley, Ho, Slater, & Lockshin, 2010).Therefore, it has been suggested that higher levels of self-compassion may be associated with less engagement in NSSI. The current study explored the relationship between self-reported self-compassion and past self-reported occurrences of NSSI. This study used Neff's (2003a) 12 item Self-Compassion Scale- Short Form (SCS-SF) to measure one's level of self-compassion and a Client Information/Demographics Questionnaire (SDS-CCMH) to determine past occurrences of NSSI. It was hypothesized that there would be significant mean differences in self-reported self-compassion scores in individuals who have self-reported occurrences of self-injury than those with no self-reported occurrences. Participants were divided into two groups: those who reported past occurrences of self-injury and those who reported no self-injury. This study involved two main analyses. The first analysis was a biserial Pearson's r correlation in order to determine if there was a significant association between NSSI (e.g. self-injury versus no self-injury) and self-compassion. The second analysis was an independent t-test to allow a direct examination of the hypothesis. Results from the study supported the hypothesis as those who reported past occurrences of self-injury had significantly lower self-compassion scores than those who reported no past occurrence of self-injury. The findings demonstrate and provide empirical data that one's level of self-compassion may play a significant role in one's decision to engage in self-injury.
Department or Program
School of Professional Psychology
Year Degree Awarded
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