Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Debra Steele-Johnson (Advisor), David LaHuis (Committee Member), Nathan Bowling (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


The current study examined how over- and underestimations of ability progress with increasing experience completing a task. Prior research has demonstrated inconsistent effects when investigating the relationship between self-efficacy and performance at the within-person level of analysis, often theorizing distinct effects of over- versus underestimating one's ability level. Thus, the current study investigated the discrepancy between self-efficacy, one's belief in their capability to accomplish some task, and actual performance levels. The current study replicated findings that self-efficacy converges on performance over time and extended prior research by demonstrating the rate of convergence might be affected by the size of initial discrepancy and generalized self-efficacy. Further, in a second study meant to compare self-efficacy - performance discrepancies (SPDs) and goal - performance discrepancies (GPDs), we demonstrated that reporting one's self-efficacy before each trial led to better performance than reporting goal level before each trial

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of Psychology

Year Degree Awarded