Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Drew Swanson, Ph.D. (Advisor); Jonathan R. Winkler, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Nancy G. Garner, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


The Gilded Age was a time of rapid change in the United States' history. In contrast to the extensive literature regarding wilderness and the founding of environmental organizations during the period, relatively little has been written about the gardens of private residences and the impact these gardens have had on today's environment. These gardens, and the individuals who designed and provided for them, were at the forefront of the introduction of many new and exotic plants to the American landscape. This thesis explores two built environments, North Carolina's Biltmore Estate and the Barker Mansion in Indiana, and how these environments and human innovation interacted in domestic spaces, as well as how that interaction went on to shape broader landscapes for decades to come.

Page Count


Department or Program

Department of History

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

History Commons