Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

Chien-In Henry Chen, Ph.D. (Advisor); Marian K. Kazimierczuk, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Saiyu Ren, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Yan Zhuang, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Meilin Liu, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


The current global system for mobile communications, wireless local area, Bluetooth, and ultra-wideband demands a multi-band/multi-standard RF front end that can access all the available bandwidth specifications. Trade-offs occur between power consumption, noise figure, and linearity in CMOS Gilbert mixer wide tuning designs. Besides, it is preferable to have a constant IF bandwidth for different gain settings as the bandwidth varies with the load impedance when an RF receiver is tuned to a higher frequency. My dissertation consists of three parts. First, a tunable constant IF bandwidth Gilbert mixer is introduced for multi-band standard wireless applications such as 802.11 a/b/g WLAN and 802.16a WMAN, followed by a design synthesis approach to optimize the mixer to meet the design center frequency range, constant IF bandwidth, and power. A synthesized Gilbert mixer with effective prototype inductors, designed in 180 nm CMOS process, is presented in this dissertation with the tunability of 200 MHz IF, a constant IF bandwidth of 50 MHz, a conversion gain of 13.75 dB, a noise figure of 2.9dB, 1-dB compression point of -15.19 dBm, IIP3 of -5.8 dBm, and a power of 9 mW. Next, mixer inductor loss and equivalent electronic circuit analysis are presented to optimize the approach to offset center frequency and bandwidth inaccuracy due to the inductance loss between the actual and ideal prototype inductor. The proposed tunable Gilbert mixer simulations present a tunable IF of 177.8 MHz, an IF bandwidth of 87.57 MHz, a conversion gain of 7.4 dB, a noise figure of 3.14 dB, 1-dB compression point of -17.1 dBm, and IIP3 of -19.8 dBm. Last, a CMOS integrated wide frequency span CMOS low noise amplifier is integrated with the tunable Gilbert mixer to achieve a 27.68 dB conversion gain, a 3.47 dB low noise figure, -14.6 dBm 1-dB compression point, and -18.6 dBm IIP3.

Page Count


Department or Program

Ph.D. in Engineering

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Engineering Commons