Publication Date


Document Type


Committee Members

William Feld (Advisor)

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


The synthesis of trialkoxyalkyl substituted NLO chromophores has been investigated. The chromophore 2-(7-(3-hydroxydiphenylamino)-9,9-diethyl-2-fluorenyl)-benzothiazole was prepared by a five step process. Bromination of fluorene yielded 2,7-dibromo-fluorene which could be converted to 2,7-dibromo-9,9-diethylfluorene by alkylation with ethyl iodide in DMSO.Reaction of 2,7-dibromo-9,9-diethylfluorene with one equivalent of butyl lithium followed by reaction with DMF provides 2-bromo-7-formyl-9,9-diethylfluorene. Condensation of 2-bromo-7-formyl-9,9-diethylfluorene and 2-aminobenzenethiol in DMSO results in the formation of 2-(7-bromo-9,9-diethyl-2-fluorenyl)benzothiazole. The conversion of 3-hydroxydiphenylamine to 3-benzyloxy-diphenylamine was accomplished with benzyl bromide and potassium carbonate in DMF. A palladium catalyzed coupling of 3-benzyloxydiphenylamine and 2-(7-bromo-9,9-diethyl-2-fluorenyl)benzothiazole provided 2-(7-(3-hydroxydiphenyl-amino)-9,9-diethyl-2-fluorenyl)benzothiazole. Several attempts to alkylate 2-(7-(3-hydroxydiphenylamino)-9,9-diethyl-2-fluorenyl)benzothiazole with trimethoxysilylmethyl chloride were made but the alkylation product could not be isolated and appeared to be unstable.

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Department or Program

Department of Chemistry

Year Degree Awarded


Included in

Chemistry Commons