Self-Management as a Mediator of the Relationship between Social Support Dimensions and Health Outcomes of African American Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

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Social support promotes behavior change and self-management that leads to improved health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of self-management in mediating the relationship between social support dimensions and health outcomes of African Americans with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Cross-sectional data were collected from 102 African Americans with T2D at an outpatient clinic. The majority of the participants were female, single, unemployed, and having low income. Functional support, the quality of the primary intimate relationship, and the number of support persons were negatively correlated with depression. Functional support and satisfaction with support explained a significant small amount of the variance in self-management. However, self-management did not mediate the relationships between social support dimensions and the health outcomes. The results of this study shed the light on the unique relationships of social support dimensions with health outcomes of African Americans with T2D.



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