Multiple Role Involvements and the Adjustment to Conjugal Bereavement: An Exploratory Study.
Examined the significance of multiple role involvements (RI) for positive adjustment to conjugal bereavement in 49 surviving spouses (aged 24–74 yrs). RI included roles as a parent, employee, friend, student, hobbyist, and participant in social, community, political, and religious organizations. The self-report behavioral measure of RI after bereavement was a better predictor of adjustment than was sex, age, time elapsed from spouse's death, educational attainment, income level, or religiosity. The number of RI was significantly and positively correlated with a sense of purpose in life. RI before the death of the spouse explained most of the variance in the number of current roles.
& Walsh, W. B.
(1990). Multiple Role Involvements and the Adjustment to Conjugal Bereavement: An Exploratory Study.. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 21 (2), 91-102.