Procedural pain occurs in the hospital setting due to a variety of procedures and treatments conducted throughout a patient’s stay. Pain is often assessed in infants and neonates but is not always treated consistently due to the multiple number of pain relief methods. The objective of this literature review is to identify the most effective interventions to relieve procedural pain in infants and neonates. Forty articles were analyzed and synthesized to determine the best pain relief methods to use when providing nursing care to infants and neonates. Based on the results of the literature review, nutritive sucking, positioning techniques, and combined interventions are recommended as first-line pain relief methods for infants and neonates. However, further research is needed to compare the effectiveness of these different methods.
Camden, A. (2020). Relief of Procedural Pain in Infants and Neonates. Wright State University. Dayton, Ohio.