The Mind-Reference framework is proposed to address new and existing interfaces at semantic, perceptual and contextual levels. This framework allows us it is possible to distinguish information structures at behavioral, physical and environmental levels. The framework deals not only with how the information is presented on a perceptual level but also, by accounting for a variety of task contexts, how a pilot can interpret that information. A design approach that follows this framework’s step-principles produces intuitive and natural interfaces for pilots and offers a benchmark for evaluation of existing interfaces.
& Johnson, P.
(2005). A Mind-Reference Framework for Design and Evaluation of Intuitive and Natural Interfaces. 2005 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 687-693.