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A transfer of training research design was used to measure the effectiveness of a flight training device (FTD) and to determine the point at which additional training in a FTD was no longer effective. The dependent measures were number of trials to specific completion standards, time to complete a flight lesson, and time to a successful evaluation flight. Percent transfer and transfer effectiveness ratios (TERs) were computed for each instrument task and for the time to complete a flight lesson. The data from the current study indicates that the FTD and the PCATD appear effective in teaching basic and advanced instrument tasks to private pilots but the limited number of subjects prevented this effectiveness from being convincingly demonstrated. As a result of prior training in an FTD and a PCATD time to a stage check or an instrument rating flight check flight was less when compared to an airplane control group.