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Mission rehearsal poses new opportunities and new challenges for flight simulation. The general issue, how to promote transfer to the criterion task, is the same for mission rehearsal as it is for training. On the other hand, the goal of mission rehearsal is to promote sensitivity to or awareness of contextual details that are crucial to success of a specific mission while the goal of training is to develop generic skills. It is not clear, at this stage, what implications these different goals have for the design of simulators. For the navigation mission examined here we hypothesized that high workload and restricted visibility would distract attention from important navigation information and thereby slow development of navigation knowledge. Both experimental manipulations had the hypothesized effect under some experimental conditions but not under others. The differential effectiveness of the manipulation under different conditions offers some insight into the nature of the navigation-relevant information that can be enhanced by mission rehearsal.