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A recent experimental flight training program at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University investigated the amount to which flight simulation could be used in the training curricula by comparing two groups of ab-initio pilots to different amounts of exposure to the flight training devices (FTD). The results from the amount of transfer from the FTD to the actual aircraft flight suggested implications for both adjustments to the flight training curricula and for specific modifications to the flight simulation training environment as applied in an ab-initio training program. More specifically, these results provided an indication that greater visual fidelity, in terms of graphical 3D artwork, was necessary in the virtual environment for particular ground reference maneuver tasks and flight at low altitudes. Additionally, the level of traffic in the scenario and degree of complexity in simulated airspace affected transfer to the real world flights. These results suggest that specific refinements to the FTD-based flight simulation are necessary for future effective application during ab-initio pilot training.