The projected increase in elderly general aviation pilots in North America has raised concerns that aviation safety will be compromised. The present research used a flight simulator to examine change detection in young vs. older recreational pilots. Change detection was assessed in terms of the ability to detect unexpected and potentially critical events: the introduction of nearby air traffic and instrument malfunctions. The results show that older pilots missed more potentially critical events than their younger counterparts.
& Wade, J.
(2007). Age-Related Changes in Detecting Unexpected Air Traffic and Instrument Malfunctions. 2007 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 139-142.