Air traffic control (ATC) offers a paradigmatic example of a dynamic multi-task environment, placing both considerable and unique demands on the human controllers’ cognitive faculties. In particular, the notion of temporal awareness, which is argued here to be fundamental to both controller workload management and task performance, brings together many of the most central components of human information processing system. The temporal dimension of ATC offers thus both a rich task environment for the study of temporal awareness and the associated cognitive processes as well as affords their quantitative measurement for modeling purposes. This paper makes a case for focused research of temporal awareness in ATC and presents a framework for development of time-based controller performance metrics and testing of cognitive models of temporal awareness.
Rantanen, E. M.
(2007). Temporal Awareness in ATC: Literature Review and a Proposed Model. 2007 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 570-576.