In this paper we show how Japanese airline pilots and American flight instructors overcome pronounced differences in language and culture and achieve effective collaboration. They do this by drawing on a deep body of shared professional pilot culture and by exploiting richly multimodality situated communication practices to produce common ground understandings.
& Hutchins, E.
(2007). The Multimodal Production of Common Ground Understandings in Intercultural Flight Training. 2007 International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 475-480.