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With the demise of the Cold War, the subsequent drawdown of the military, and with many airline pilots opting not to return from furlough after the recent rash of bankruptcies, the demand side of air carrier pilot hiring has driven significant changes in new hire pilot demographics. Experience levels of new hire regional pilots are at an all time low, and are approaching an average well below 1000 hrs of total time and less than 100 hours multi-engine. These demographics changes bode ill for aviation safety and these changes in new hire pilot demographics are showing up in increasing incidents and accidents that are related to lack of experience, lack of flight discipline, lower levels of professionalism and a general lack of maturity. To identify and recruit qualified pilots, there is a desperate need to employ effective screening and selection tools that will accurately predict the applicant’s success in demanding airline curriculums.