Flight crews rely on displays to assess the state of individual aircraft systems and to remain cognizant of how those systems interact. Degani, et al. (2009) suggest that understanding how humans routinely interpret complex environments should aid in creating displays that help flight crews gain holistic understandings of their vehicles. They propose a six-level hierarchy representing how humans integrate large amounts information. The current experiment sought to understand the costs and benefits of solving classic logic problems when details are presented at key levels of this hierarchy. The results showed that displays representing the highest level of the hierarchy yielded the highest accuracy across a diversity of task types. This effect was strongest when participants only allotted a small amount of time for understanding the problem and display before reading any questions.
Smith, A. H.,
& Barshi, I.
(2011). An Examination of a Conceptual Framework for Processing and Integrating Information. 16th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 227-232.