Runway incursions are a critical issue facing the aviation industry, with general aviation accounting for 77 percent of runway incursions involving pilot deviations. The present study reports on the value of individual pilot factors in predicting the outcome of a simulated surprise runway incursion. Significant predictors of runway incursion management were pilot rating, self-rated awareness of the impact of other aircraft on flight, and perceptions of the mental demands of the flight tasks. In light of the aviation industry’s reliance upon pilots’ self-monitoring of competence, strategies for reducing runway incursions can capitalize on evidence that higher self-rated ability to maintain a comprehensive mental model of relevant airspace, and better judgments of the mental demands of high workload conditions predicted superior incursion management outcomes.
Van Benthem, K.,
& Herdman, C. M.
(2013). Individual Pilot Factors Predict Simulated Runway Incursion Outcomes. 17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 579-584.