This paper describes the design and evaluation of a co-planar constraint-based airborne separation assistance display. The display is a combination of previous single-plane presentations, with additional visualization of the interactions that exist between these planes. Each of these displays combines a spatial representation of the airspace with a velocity maneuver space, that relates own aircraft maneuver variables to the shape and affordances of the airspace. The evaluation presented in this paper consisted of two experiments: an active conflict resolution task, and a passive SA assessment. Both experiments compare the co-planar concept with a baseline display that is very similar, but does not visualize planar interactions. Results showed that although pilots performed well with either display, performance was consistently better with the augmented display.
van Paassen, M.,
& Mulder, M.
(2013). Design and Evaluation of a Co-Planar Separation Display. 17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 323-328.