Previous research by Rice and Keller (2009) has supported that time pressure can positively affect operator compliance with an automated device if the automation is highly reliable despite the impact of speed-accuracy trade-off. When given sufficient time, operators aided by highly reliable automation tended to ignore the aid’s recommendation and produced human-automation performance levels less than that of the automation itself. When the operators were put under time pressure, they tended to comply with the automation with a performance that equaled or exceeded that of the automation itself. The current study suggests that the time pressure heuristic is only beneficial when the target is difficult to find by manipulating the time pressure and the difficulty of the search task. The results find that the time pressure heuristic is not as beneficial for easy to find targets as it is for difficult to find targets.
& Rice, S.
(2013). Human-Automation Performance Under Time Pressure Has Limited Benefits. 17th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 275-280.