Refinements have been made to a model of spatial disorientation (SD) to improve simulation of acceleration stimuli and visual-vestibular interactions. The improved model has been applied to aviation mishaps. The model is considered a technological countermeasure for SD because it is implemented as prototype software to aid the identification of mishap contributors in a way that should benefit didactic training. There is a more direct way this countermeasure can prevent SD, which is by adapting it for use as part of a cockpit warning system. The idea is to expand the model from one which explains mishaps post-hoc into one that warns pilots proactively whenever they are most likely to experience SD. This report introduces the general requirements that must be met to successfully expand the model for use as a proactive cockpit warning system, as well as the key criteria for determining whether it is effective.
Lawson, B. D.,
McGrath, B. J.,
Newman, M. C.,
& Rupert, A. H.
(2015). Requirements for Developing the Model of Spatial Orientation into an Applied Cockpit Warning System. 18th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 25-30.