Document Type


Publication Date





The future generation of cockpit may substantially change the nature of displays, automation, and their implications for alerting systems. Flight deck automation and information systems imposed by NextGen will create system states that may need to be alerted. New concepts of providing continuous flight information can benefit pilot awareness. Ecological interface displayskeep the operator aware of the system status and constraints, informing the pilot of emerging concerns before an alert is triggered. Continuous auditory and tactile displays support pilot awareness without requiring focused operatorattention. Both approaches improve awareness of system state, but suffer poor operator acceptance. Automation can support pilots through carefully considered degrees of automation, through transparent automation design, andthrough adaptive automation that identifieswhen pilots failto respond to alerts, and increases the salience of alerts or assumes control toimplement the necessary actions.This paper summarizesa report thatreviewed empirical research regarding theseapproaches.