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Early flying skills have been reported to strongly influence future flying skills. Few published studies have evaluated the comprehensive relationship among all flying training skills. This study evaluated three causal path models for flying skills that influenced flying performance rated by instructor pilots in five training phases. A covariance structure analysis showed that asequential model with a connection between the first and last phases was optimumfor representing flying training performance and skills. The flying skill acquired in the first training phase in a primary propeller aircraft influenced the last training skill in a fighter jet directly as well as indirectly. Furthermore, the influence of the first training phaseon the fighter training skill was the strongest among all the training phases. These results suggest that the skill of flying a primary propeller aircraft is important inpredictingfighter pilot skill and estimating the validity of pilot aptitude tests.