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Wedesigned a specific SA training module and tested whether it would enhance the SA competency of pilot trainees during initial training. Twelve pilot trainees took part to the empirical phase of the study. They were pseudo-randomly assigned to two conditions, the experimental group (n=6) who received the SA training module and the control group (n=6) who did not receive any specific SA training. All pilot trainees were assessed during a flight simulator session in order to evaluate objectively their levels of SA (SAGAT, Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique, Endsley, 1995). Results highlighted that the SA levels were globally high and homogeneous for the experimental group (range of percentage of maximum SAGAT score= [79.3% ;87.5%]), whereas the control group’s scores varied more widely (SAGAT range = [57.5% ; 87.5%]). Moreover, a qualitative analysis revealed specific strategies used by those pilot trainees who had highest levels of SA.