The UK military undertakes in-depth investigations of serious parachuting accidents, which have recently included two mid-air collisions. The analysis of these accidents identified that collision avoidance in parachuting uses similar processes to the see-and-avoidtask performed by aircraft pilots. However, no research was identified that had explored see-and-avoid when parachuting. Accordingly, a model of parachuting see-and-avoidwas developed which consisted of six stages which must be performed in sequence for a collision to be avoided successfully. Each stage of see-and-avoid wasassociated with key errors, the likelihood of which wasinfluenced by a range of factors within the individual, their operating environment, and equipment. The model of see-and-avoidcan be applied to identify human factors influences in a parachute accident andin the development ofinitiatives to improve parachuting safety.
& Revell, S.
(2017). Development of a Model of ‘See and Avoid’ in Parachuting. 19th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 101-106.