Current commercial airplane cockpits generally require two pilots; a captain and First Officer. The autopilot has become an essential aspect of commercial flying as it can reduce the pilots’ workload and increase accuracy. Since present autopilot implementations work independently from the pilot, the pilot must adopt a monitoring role. This design is not without its limitations, however, especially concerning the pilot's situational awareness. One possible relief for these limitations is the synthetic teammate, a specialized type of artificial intelligence agent intended to mimic a human operator. It integrates with current autopilot systems and provides pilots with context for action instead of merely recommendations or direct control inputs. The haptic shared control, where both the pilots and the synthetic teammate continuously maintain contact with the control surfaces, is an example of the synthetic teammate implementation. This paper aims to explore a synthetic teammate system's effectiveness in assisting a pilot's situational awareness.
& Niemczyk, M.
(2021). The Impact of a Synthetic Teammate on Situational Awareness. 87th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 178-183.