Go-Around Noncompliance During Unstabilized Approaches and Landings in Commercial Aviation: A Human Factors Analysis
Informed by findings and recommendations from the Flight Safety Foundation’s Approach and Landing Accident Reduction Task Force, we examined and analyzed Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) incident report data from unstabilized approach and landing events. The aim of this study was to investigate the human factors reported as contributing to operational incidents of unstabilized approaches and landings in United States-based commercial aviation. Results showed the unstabilized approaches were significantly less likely to be responded to with go-around compliance. Binomial logistic regression analysis revealed descriptive differences in the associations of the ASRS-coded human factors with the likelihood of unstabilized approaches being continued to landing rather than go-around compliance. Content analysis of flight crew incident report narratives may allow for identification of other contributory human factors not explicitly coded by ASRS, such as decision making. Results from such investigations have the potential to inform effective go-around compliance training designs.
& Tomko, L.
(2021). Go-Around Noncompliance During Unstabilized Approaches and Landings in Commercial Aviation: A Human Factors Analysis. 82nd International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 299-302.