The intentional production of animals is predicated on their genetic proficiency, which is dependent on optimal resource utilization and manipulation of biotic and abiotic environmental components to increase production for societal sustenance. The annual global consumption of sheep meat is approximately 2.5 kilograms per individual, out of a total of 41.6 kilograms. Three management systems are used to rear sheep: extensive wool and meat production, intensive milk production, and traditional pastoralism. Possessing adequate resources for sheep husbandry contributes to positive welfare outcomes. This review examined the rearing, breeding, and future potential of Damani sheep in Pakistan. Damani sheep are a composite, meat-specialized breed with thin tails, tiny to medium bodies, white heads, and camel-colored legs. They are native to the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa districts of Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu and are predominantly raised for their meat and wool. Damani sheep have well-developed teats and udders, small ears, and a mature body height and weight of 53-61 cm and 27-28 kg, respectively. They are robust, well-adapted, and successful in their native environment. Damani ewes produce high-quality milk with an average fat content of 5.8 % and average lactation period of 120 days. Despite their potential, the breed's per-unit meat and wool production has decreased due to cross-breeding, disease, malnutrition, improper management, and a lack of agricultural knowledge. Pakistan recognizes between 28 and 33 categories of sheep, but sheep continue to be an undervalued species with low productivity per animal unit.

Article History

Received: Mar 19, 2023; Accepted: May 30, 2023; Published: Sep 30, 2023