The present study deals with the domestication trial of Synsepalum stipulatum (Radlk.) Engl. in the humid tropical climate of Kinshasa and aims at contributing to the domestication of the species. To achieve this, proceeded with two methodological approaches: observation and experimentation. The results obtained show that the effect of three seeds treatments: drying of the seeds on the sun, seeds unpulped in the bag kept under the shade for 14 days and no treatment on the germination of Synsepalum stipulatum seeds was evaluated on two types of substrates: potting soil and clay soil. The absence of seed treatment resulted in very high germination rates in potting soil (75 %) and significantly longer germination times (41 days in potting soil and 67 days in clay soil). Overall, germination was better (rate and emergence) in the potting soil (53.3 %) and poor in the clay soil (20 %). The monthly growth analysis in height is estimated at 16.2 ± 1.2 cm while that in diameter was estimated at 0.3 ± 0.0 cm. The fruit of the species contains elements riches in carbohydrates and very few lipids and proteins whose energy value was evaluated at 422.1 ± 0.6 calories per 100 grams of edible parts. Therefore, it is important to consider the promotion of the species in view of its nutritional value.

Article History

Received: March 23, 2023; Accepted: Jul 04, 2023; Published: Dec 26, 2023

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