Congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB) is described as a set of inherited, non-progressive retinal conditions in which the rod pathway is primarily affected, resulting in difficulty adapting to low-light situations due to impaired photoreceptor transmission. Objectives of study was to identify patients with CSNB and explore their lifestyle and the impact of CSNB on their daily routines in selected areas. Total seven families having CSNB, belonging to five villages (Abadi Haji Ismaeel, Sunari wala, Tibba, Shamdin, and Chorasta Mian Khan) of Depalpur, district Okara, were investigated in March 2023. The CSNB prevalence was calculated as 2.528 % in all selected families and all of these patients were affected from their childhood. Analysis of data revealed that the lowest to highest prevalence was recorded as 1.5 to 5 % respectively. All of these patients were affected by their childhood. The CSNB patients were facing a large number of issues. Almost 99 % of the patients were under metric education. Similarly, more than 90 % of patients were jobless. They also faced marriage issues but the number of females was more than males. Day eyesight is also weak over time with ageing. Some patients feel like a burden on their families. Feel pain while watching television or using a mobile phone most of the time. The prevalence of significant refractive errors was not high enough to justify only seven families investigated solely for this purpose. However, a program may be justified in areas where CSNB is common. Further research is needed to validate the recurrent reports of the disease.

Article History

Received: Dec 19, 2023; Accepted: Mar 28, 2024; Published: Mar 29, 2024

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