Trypanosomiasis, a parasitic disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma, poses a significant threat to camel populations worldwide. This study designed for the diagnostic techniques used for detecting Trypanosoma infections specifically in camels. The disease, commonly known as camel trypanosomiasis or surra, adversely impacts the health and productivity of camels, thereby affecting livelihoods dependent on these animals. Various diagnostic methods are employed for the detection of Trypanosoma infection in camels, including microscopic examination of blood smears, serological tests like ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay), and molecular techniques such as PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction). Each method has its strengths and limitations in terms of sensitivity, specificity, and practicality in field settings. Efforts to control and manage camel trypanosomiasis rely heavily on accurate and timely diagnosis. Early detection facilitates prompt treatment and prevents the spread of the disease within camel herds. Additionally, the development and optimization of diagnostic tools tailored specifically for camels are crucial for effective disease surveillance and control. This study underscores the importance of ongoing research and innovation in diagnostic methodologies to combat trypanosomiasis in camel populations efficiently.

Article History

Received: May 11, 2023; Accepted: Jun 22, 2024; Published: Jun 30, 2024