Soils have the most diversified microbial communities of any environment on the planet. Bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa are all found in abundance in soil. Maintaining a healthy environment for crops requires a strong link between plants and soil microorganisms that are essential for good crop development. Soil bacteria are key regulators of the nutrient cycle. Mineralization, legume nitrogen fixation, and ammonia conversion to plant-available nitrate would all be impossible without bacteria. Effective microorganisms have the ability to boost crop growth and yield. When used in conjunction with organic amendments, these bacteria performs better than to the sole application. It also contributes to soil health and provides a variety of ecological services. They also help in the cleaning of the environment, landfill disinfection, and the development and implementation of sustainable, closed-cycle organic waste treatment processes across the globe. The whole study remarks a conclusion that the application or presence of effective microbes to soil not only enhance the nutritional capacity, fertility and productivity of soils but also helps to remediate soil problems cost effectively.

Article History

Received: March 4, 2022; Accepted: June 17, 2022; Published: June 29, 2022

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