Machroha forest is a large hot spot of biodiversity of northeastern region of Algeria. It is dominated by several species of oak tree that can contribute to the conservation of many animals such as birds. Our study was carried out from February 2019 to July 2021, in order to diagnosis the ecological status of forest birds and their dynamics. Our results reported that this forest was including 19.21% of the Algerian avifauna diversity. We recorded 78 species of birds classified in 32 families. The main species were sedentary with an insectivorous trophic categories and terrestrial guild. Three species observed in this forest were threatened, the Dartford warbler, the European turtle dove and the Egyptian vulture. We reported many factors that affected bird’s population dynamics “such as population isolation and habitat structure”. So, in the future the monitoring of the bird’s population must follow a management plan and proposing a new national classification status “wildlife refuge”.

Article History

Received: June 02, 2022; Accepted: Sep 13, 2022; Published: Dec 31, 2022