Influence of Periodic Wall Roughness on the Slip Behaviour at Liquid/Solid Interfaces: Molecular-Scale Simulations Versus Continuum Predictions

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The influence of surface roughness on the slip behavior of a Newtonian liquid in steady planar shear is investigated using three different approaches, namely Stokes flow calculations, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and a statistical mechanical model for the friction coefficient between a corrugated wall and the first liquid layer. These approaches are used to probe the behavior of the slip length as a function of the slope parameter ka=2πa/λ,where a and λ represent the amplitude and wavelength characterizing the periodic corrugation of the bounding surface. The molecular and continuum approaches both confirm a monotonic decay in the slip length with increasing kabut the rate of decay as well as the magnitude of the slip length obtained from the Stokes flow solutions exceed the MD predictions as the wall feature sizes approach the liquid molecular dimensions. In the limit of molecular-scale wall corrugation, a Green–Kubo analysis based on the fluctuation–dissipation theorem accurately reproduces the MD results for the behavior of the slip length as a function of a. In combination, these three approaches provide a detailed picture of the influence of periodic roughness on the slip length which spans multiple length scales ranging from molecular to macroscopic dimensions.



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