Store-Dependent and -Independent Modes Regulating Ca2+ Release-Activated Ca2+ Channel Activity of Human Orai1 and Orai3
We evaluated currents induced by expression of human homologs of Orai together with STIM1 in human embryonic kidney cells. When co-expressed with STIM1, Orai1 induced a large inwardly rectifying Ca2+-selective current with Ca2+-induced slow inactivation. A point mutation of Orai1 (E106D) altered the ion selectivity of the induced Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC)-like current while retaining an inwardly rectifying I-V characteristic. Expression of the C-terminal portion of STIM1 with Orai1 was sufficient to generate CRAC current without store depletion. 2-APB activated a large relatively nonselective current in STIM1 and Orai3 co-expressing cells. 2-APB also induced Ca2+ influx in Orai3-expressing cells without store depletion or co-expression of STIM1. The Orai3 current induced by 2-APB exhibited outward rectification and an inward component representing a mixed calcium and monovalent current. A pore mutant of Orai3 inhibited store-operated Ca2+ entry and did not carry significant current in response to either store depletion or addition of 2-APB. Analysis of a series of Orai1-3 chimeras revealed the structural determinant responsible for 2-APB-induced current within the sequence from the second to third transmembrane segment of Orai3. The Orai3 current induced by 2-APB may reflect a store-independent mode of CRAC channel activation that opens a relatively nonselective cation pore.
Zhang, S. L.,
Kozak, J. A.,
Yeromin, A. V.,
& Cahalan, M. D.
(2008). Store-Dependent and -Independent Modes Regulating Ca2+ Release-Activated Ca2+ Channel Activity of Human Orai1 and Orai3. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283 (25), 17662-17671.