Glycogen Accumulation in the Parathyroid Gland of the Rat After Fluoride Ingestion

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The parathyroid glands of young male rats given 150 ppm fluoride in their drinking water for 10 weeks were examined by transmission electron microscopy. As a result of fluoride ingestion, the parathyroid chief cells of the experimental animals accumulated glycogen in excess of that seen in control animals given distilled drinking water for the same time period. In the majority of active chief cells, glycogen granules were diffusely spread throughout the cytoplasm as single granules or in small deposits. Large aggregations of glycogen granules were also seen within intercellular spaces. Accompanying the increase in glycogen was a rise in the number and development of the organelles associated with protein synthesis and secretion. The accumulation of glycogen is similar to that in hyperparathyroidism caused by chronic stimulation and prolonged secretory activity of the parathyroid gland. The results of this study suggest that increased amounts of glycogen occur in hyperactive chief cells of the parathyroid in response to the ingestion of large doses of fluoride.


Also published in Fluoride, 15(2), p. 53 (April 1982).



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