Protein Secretion By the Mouse Trophoblast During Attachment and Outgrowth In Vitro
Protein secretion from mouse blastocysts undergoing attachment and trophoblast outgrowth in vitro was assessed. When Day 5 blastocysts were cultured in serum-containing medium, secretion of several 'attachment-associated' proteins (PAS) was initiated within 24 h, coincident with attachment and outgrowth. Those proteins characteristic of the pre-attachment blastocyst disappeared or made-up only a small portion of the secretions once attachment began. The major secreted protein from attached embryos, PA1, is a 35,000-45,000 Mr acidic glycoprotein with multiple isoelectric forms. PA2, a group of basic 40,000 Mr proteins and PA3 a group of 72,000 Mr proteins were also produced during outgrowth. PAS were secreted during outgrowth on fibronectin-coated plastic in serum-free medium, but not by blastocysts held in a non-attachment state during culture in serum-free medium on uncoated plastic. In pre-attachment blastocysts, secreted proteins were produced by trophoblast vesicles, but not by isolated inner cell masses. Both trophoblast vesicles growing out in vitro and surgically isolated trophoblast from spreading blastocysts had secreted protein patterns qualitatively similar to those of intact blastocyst outgrowths. The results indicate that development of trophoblast protein secretion continues through the period of outgrowth and giant cell transformation. These changes are apparently dependent on attachment of the blastocyst to a suitable substrate, but not dependent on any other serum influence.
Nieder, G. L.
(1990). Protein Secretion By the Mouse Trophoblast During Attachment and Outgrowth In Vitro. Biology of Reproduction, 43 (2), 251-259.