Early Embryo Development in the Siberian Hamster (Phodopus sungorus)

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Development of preimplantation embryos of the Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus) in vivo and in vitro was examined. The timing of early development in vivo was found to be slower than that reported for the golden hamster. Progression through the cleavage stages, cavitation, and hatching from the zona pellucida occurred later, with blastocyst formation beginning on the afternoon of day 4 and uterine attachment occurring early on day 5. In vitro, morulae, and early blastocysts collected on day 4 and cultured in serum-containing medium formed expanded blastocysts and some began to hatch from the zona pellucida. With extended culture, blastocysts attached and formed trophoblast outgrowths. Outgrowth was characterized by an initial migration of small cells from the blastocyst, followed by formation of a sheet of trophoblast giant cells. Differences in the morphology of outgrowth between the hamster and mouse suggest that further comparative studies with the Siberian hamster may be useful.



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