Title

Glucocorticoids Pharmacology and Their Application in the Treatment of Childhood-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-2019

Abstract

Glucocorticoids are potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant medications and remain the mainstay of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) therapy. The potency of a specific glucocorticoid, i.e., the dose of glucocorticoid that is required to produce a specific effect, is dependent on its pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties. In this review, we summarize the PK/PD properties of commonly used glucocorticoids in an attempt to better delineate their role in the management of children with childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). We also address glucocorticoid side effects as these play a major role when deciding on the dose, frequency, and duration of use. A better understanding of the pharmacology of glucocorticoids appears useful to achieve improved outcomes in the management of cSLE.

DOI

10.1016/j.semarthrit.2019.03.010


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