Improved Growth and Nutrition Status in Children with Methylmalonic or Propionic Acidemia Fed an Elemental Medical Food
Background: Failure-to-thrive (FTT) has been described in patients with organic acidemias treated with low protein diets.
Objective: To determine if patients with methylmalonic (MMA) or propionic acidemia (PA) can achieve normal growth and nutrition status.
Methods: A 6-month multicenter outpatient study was conducted with infants and toddlers treated with Propimex-1 Amino Acid-Modified Medical Food With Iron (Ross Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, OH). Main outcome measures were anthropometrics, protein status indices, plasma retinol, and α-tocopherol.
Results: Sixteen patients completed the study. Mean baseline age was 0.54 ± 0.02 years (range 0.03–3.00 years). By study end, mean National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) weight centile increased from 26 to 49%; mean crown-heel length centile from 25 to 33%; and mean head circumference centile from 43 to 54%. Mean (± SE) protein and energy intakes by <6-month-old, 6 < 12-month-old, and 1< 4-year-old patients were 15.3 ± 0.9 g and 645 ± 10 kcal; 18.3 ± 1.1 g and 741 ± 92 kcal; and 25.1 ± 2.46 g and 1062 ± 100 kcal, respectively. Plasma glycine concentrations were significantly and negatively correlated with energy intake (r=−0.77, p<0.0005). No correlation was found between dietary protein intakes and plasma ammonia concentrations. Protein status indices, retinol and α-tocopherol concentrations were within reference ranges at study end.
Conclusions: Propimex-1 improved growth and nutrition status in patients with MMA or PA in just 6 months when fed in sufficient amounts. Providing energy and protein for patients with FTT at intakes recommended for catch-up growth may have resulted in even better growth.
Acosta, P. B.,
Marriage, B. J.,
Kurczynski, T. W.,
Miller, M. E.,
Steiner, R. D.,
& Arnold, G. L.
(2003). Improved Growth and Nutrition Status in Children with Methylmalonic or Propionic Acidemia Fed an Elemental Medical Food. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 80 (1-2), 181-188.